Life expectancy of Brazilians went up to 74.6 years of age in 2012, according to figures disclosed on Monday, December 2, by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
Between 2011 and 2012, Brazilians gained five months and 12 days in life expectancy on birth. Life expectancy rose from 74.1 years in 2011 to 74.6 years in the following year.
Women had a greater gain: six months and 25 days, reaching 78.3 years in 2012. The life expectancy among men, in turn, rose by four months and 10 days, reaching 71 years.
In retrospect, the figures show that in comparison with 1980, the Brazilian population had an average growth of 12.1 years as, at the time, life expectancy was 62.5 years. According to IBGE researcher Fernando Albuquerque, the tendency is for life expectancy to continue on the rise.
Following a 3.5% decline in September, the number of start-up businesses in Brazil has increased again in October, which had the best result for the month since October 2010, according to a survey from Serasa Experian.
Last month, 172,547 new businesses were started, up 2.5% from September. The Serasa Experian Start-Up Indicator also shows that year-to-date through October this year, 1,599,989 new businesses were started, up 8.1% from the same period in 2012. The information was released by Agência Brasil.
The economist Luiz Rabi, in charge of the survey, says that "more and more natural persons are converting into legal entities, seeking the advantages elicited by the formalization of their enterprises, especially lower financing rates."
In October, Brazil posted a primary surplus of R$ 5.43 billion (US$ 2.35 billion), the worst for the month since 2004. The primary surplus is used for paying interest on the government debt.
Year-to-date, the country amassed R$ 33.43 billion (US$ 14.48 billion) for meeting its obligations, down 45.8% from the adjusted target for 2013, which is R$ 73 billion (US$ 31.6 billion).
The primary surplus in October was one of the lowest of the last few years, because government spending was among the lowest of the last few years because government spending increased and prevented the all-time high revenue collection seen last month from enabling higher savings in order to pay the debt.
According to the National Treasury, from January to October this year, government revenue collection was up 8.2%, while government spending was up 14%.
Brazilian machinery and equipment industry gross revenues stood at R$ 7.17 billion (US$ 3.12 billion) in October, up 1.4% from the previous month. October-on-October, however, gross revenues were down 1.2%.
Year-to-date, revenues stood at R$ 66.95 billion (US$ 29.1 billion), down 5% from the same period in 2012. The figures have been released by the Brazilian Machinery and Equipment Industry Association (Abimaq), and were published on Agência Brasil.
In October, exports stood at US$ 1.2 billion, up 20.1% from September, and down 13.9% from October 2012. Year-to-date, exports reached US$ 10.1 billion, down 11.9% from the same period in 2012.
The leading export targets were Latin America, the United States and Europe, respectively.